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Botanical References

The following list consists of historically-important references to Philippine botany. These items were collected and provided to RFRI by Mr. Leonard Co. These files can be downloaded from this site. Be forewarned, though, due to their large size, some of these files may take a long time to download depending on your internet connection.

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Blanco, P. 1879. Flora de Filipinas. Manila.
3rd Edition Small ZIP file icon (38.9 MB); Porfolio 1 Small PDF icon (29.3 MB); Portfolio 2 Small PDF icon (32.3 MB )

Brown, W. H. 1919. Vegetation of Philippine Mountains: The Relation between the Environment and Physical Types at Different Altitudes. Publication 13. Manila: Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing. Small ZIP file icon ( 66.8 MB)

Brown, W. H. (ed.) 1920. Minor Products of Philippine Forests. Department of Agricultural and Natural Resources, Bureau of Forestry. Bulletin No. 22 Manila: Department of Agricultural & Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing.
Volume 1 Small ZIP file icon (36.7 MB); Volume 2 Small PDF icon (35.1 MB); Volume 3 Small PDF icon (26.5 MB)

Dickerson, R. E. 1928. Distribution of Life in the Philippines. Monographs of the Bureau of Science 21.  Manila: Bureau of Printing. Small ZIP file icon (73.7 MB)

Merrill, E .D. 1903. A Dictionary of the Plant Names of the Philippines Islands. Manila: Bureau of Publication Printing. Small PDF icon (9.87 MB)

Merrill, E. D. 1905. A Review of the Identifications of the Species Described in Blanco’s Flora de Filipinas. Manila: Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Bureau of Public Printing. Small PDF icon (9.79 MB)

Merrill, E. D. 1912. A Flora of Manila. Manila: Bureau of Printing. Small PDF icon (26.7 MB)

Merrill, E. D. 1918. Species Blancoanae: A Critical Revision of the Philippine Species of Plants Described by Blanco and Llanos. Manila: Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing. Small ZIP file icon (98.8 MB)

Merrill, E. D. 1923–1926. An Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants. Publication 18 (1–4) Manila: Bureau of Printing. 
Volume 1 Small ZIP file icon (40.6 MB); Volume 2 Small ZIP file icon (45.6 MB); Volume 3 Small ZIP file icon (53.1 MB);
Volume 4 Small ZIP file icon (45.4 MB)

Merritt, M. L. 1908. The Forests of Mindoro. Manila: Bureau of Printing. (Small PDF icon, 5.23 MB)

Nicholson, D. H. & D. Arculus. 2001. Candidates for neotypification of Blanco’s names of Philippine plants: Specimens in the US National Herbarium. Taxon 50: 947–954.
Small PDF icon (86.3 kb)

Vidal, D. S. 1883. Sinopsis de Familias y Generos de Plantas Lenosas de Filipinas. Atlas. Manila: Establecimento Tipo-Lithografico de Chofre YC. A. Small PDF icon (30.6 MB)

Whitford, H. N. 1911. The Forests of the Philippines. Bulletin No. 10. Manila: Bureau of Publication Printing. Small PDF icon (33.5 MB)